- Weight/Dimensions: 41.7 g | 10 x 6 x 0.1
Lenin: Complete Set of 4 Soviet Banknotes Folio -1, 3, 5 and 10 Chervonets,1937.
Notes Included May Vary From Photos.
In 1937, to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution, the Soviet Union issued a new series of chervonsky banknotes featuring the portrait of Vladimir Lenin. This collection includes all four of the denominations issued that year–1, 3, 5 and 10 chervonets.
On the eve of the First World War, Russia was ripe for revolution. For centuries, the country had been the most autocratic of European empires, the disparity between its rich and poor the widest, the rights of its people the most limited. Making matters worse, the Russian military suffered a string of humiliating losses in the 19th century, culminating in its crushing defeat to Japan in 1905. And Nicholas II, the tsar, was hopelessly inadequate, in denial of his own weaknesses and that of his deteriorating empire. The revolution was coming, led by one of the 20th century’s most significant figures: Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov. We know him as Lenin. A lawyer turned agent provocateur, Lenin sought a government based on the teachings of Karl Marx—one where the evils of capitalism are eschewed for a more perfect socialist workers’ paradise. He denounced the imperial government and called for outright revolution, but from exile in London, there was not much he could do—until the assassination of Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand on 28 June, 1914, presented him with a golden opportunity to remake the world. By 1917, popular outrage over heavy Russian losses and wartime privations coupled with the previous and longstanding dissatisfaction with the imperial government resulted in a series of strikes, mutinies, and demonstrations collectively LENIN REVOLUTIONARY CURRENCY COLLECTION : known as the February Revolution. By the end of that month, the collapse of the monarchy was inevitable. Nicholas formally abdicated on 2 March. A month later, Lenin returned to Russia from his Western European exile, famously hidden in a sealed train car. In July, Alexander Kerensky was named Prime Minister of the provisional government—but the situation was far from settled. The Bolsheviks gained ultimate control of the country during the October Revolution of 1917, with Lenin at the helm. The so-called White Army, forces loyal to the tsar, continued to fight, even after Russia pulled out of the Great War on 3 March, 1918; their dogged resistance to the Bolsheviks, now called the Communists, compelled the former to execute Tsar Nicholas and the entire royal family on 17 July. Lenin himself was seriously injured in an assassination attempt a month later. Further internecine hostilities ended in 1920 with the triumph of the Communists. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was established in 1922, with Lenin in charge. He died two years later, the father of the Soviet Union.